YOM KIPPUR 5773
"AND FOR EVERYTHING, G-D OF FORGIVENESS, FORGIVE US, PARDON US, ATONE FOR US" (from the "Al Chait" prayer)
"...Seal the mouths of our adversaries and accusers..." (from the "Avinu Malkeinu" prayer)
The Chafetz Chaim says that when a man requests "...Seal the mouths of our adversaries and accusers", he is asked in the Upper Realms: "What about your mouth? Do you guard your mouth?", but when a man is careful about his speech, then his prayer is accepted.
"For on this day shall atonement be made for you, to purify you; from all your sins shall you be purified before Hashem." (Vayikra 16:30)
Rabbi Yisrael Salanter says that if Yom Kippur was even only once in 70 years, we would need to be happy, all the more so that it comes every year.
"Al Chait...V'Al Chait" (in English: "For the sin....and for the sin...")
We say "Al Chait" according to the order of the Hebrew Alphabet, twice. One time we say "Al Chait", and another time we say "V'Al Chait". The reason the confession covers every letter of the Hebrew alphabet is in correspondence to the Torah which we have sinned against, since the Torah was written with every letter of the Hebrew Alphabet. And why do we cover the Hebrew alphabet twice? One time corresponds to sins between man and Hashem, and another time corresponds to sins between man and his fellow man.
"And they shall confess their sin which they have done..." (Bamidbar 5:7)
Vidui (In English: Confession) is a positive Mitzvah from the Torah, as it is stated in the Torah Portion of Naso: "And they shall confess their sin which they have done..." The main point of confession is to abandon the sin, and one strikes his heart to as if to say "you (my heart) have caused me to sin".
"P'tach Lanu Sha'ar" (in English: "Open for us a gate", from the Ne'ila prayer)
It is written in the Holy Books, that just as every gate has a specific key to open it, but an axe can open every gate; so too in the Upper Realms every "Heichal" (in English: "Hall") can be opened by means of specific Kavanot (in English: elevated and/or Kabbalistic intentions during prayer), but a broken heart and submission to Hashem and crying are like an axe that can open all the Halls. It is written in the Zohar that there is a Heichal (Hall) and a treasure which is opened only one time in the year at the time of Ne'ila (the final prayer on Yom Kippur). This treasure has within it all the goodness in the world -- atonement, forgiveness, an emanation of abundance, and everything good. If so, we need to strengthen ourselves very much at the time of Ne'ila in order to receive this emanation of abundant blessings.
On Yom Kippur we take out two Torah Scrolls.In the first we read the Torah Portion of Acharei, and 6 men are called.In the second we read the Maftir, in the Torah Portion of Pinchas, "Uve'asur Lachodesh".Haftora: "V'amar Solu Solu" (Yeshayahu 57)
L'ilui Neshamat HaGaon HaTzaddik R' Gershon Avigdor Ben Chaim ztz"l